Vertigo Causes and Risk Factors

Vertigo results from either disturbance in the brain/spinal cord (Central) or within the inner ear (Peripheral).

1. Central Causes of Vertigo :

Brainstem & Cerebellar Strokes :

Blocked blood supply to the brain leads to Vertigo, hearing problems, etc.


Tumors in or around the cranial nerves (Vestibular/Acoustic neuroma) create balance problems and Dizziness.

Vestibular Migraines :

These are episodes of Dizziness accompanied by sensitivity to light, sound, motion, etc.

Multiple Sclerosis :

Damaged Myelin sheath (nerve covering) impacts the brain signals causing unsteadiness.

2. Peripheral Causes of Vertigo :

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) :

It is the common cause of Vertigo, which occurs due to sudden head movements.

Vestibular Neuritis

It is an inner ear disorder that causes vertigo episodes with nausea symptoms.

Meniere's Disease :

In this inner ear disorder, hearing loss, ringing sound in the ear, and balance problems occur.

Physical Injury :

Any traumatic condition can cause Dizziness and imbalance.

Also, impaired visual (eye), vestibular (ear), and sensory parts cause an imbalance of movements and positions. Some underlying medical conditions like anemia, low blood sugar (Hypoglycemia), dehydration, heart problems, low blood pressure (Hypotension), etc., and age factors may increase the chances of Dizziness and Vertigo. Frequent Dizziness and Vertigo episodes increase the chances of complications or worsen the underlying cause if left untreated. Any individual must seek Vertigo Treatment in such cases. Kundan ENT and Vertigo Hospital's Dr. Mukund Vaghela is the Vertigo Specialist in Ahmedabad, performing the best diagnosis and providing the most effective Giddiness (Dizziness/Vertigo) Treatment.